Ratu Boko

The lost masterpiece palace complex from the 8th century, the only Hidu and Buddhist mixed-architectural archaelogical site

The history of Ratu Boko, begin with Prambanan are a large number of inscription dating from the second half of the eight century to the middle of ninth century have been found on Ratu Boko hill and at the Kalasan, Loro Jonggrang, Sewu, Plaosan and other candi.

In particular, the Sanskrit inscription dated in 856 AD is important. From them it can be summarized that the Buddhist Shailendra dynasty and the Hindu Mataram often cooperated with one another but that in the middle of the ninth century the later defeated the former.

For those who love, within the mind's eye, to reconstruct history, Ratu Boko is a dream. The main site is on 6 small plateau. The trek is best done at dawn or in the late afternoon when the views from the plateauis ridge are most beautiful.

Ratu Boko was probably a fortified palace built by the Buddhist Sailendras and later taken over by Hindu Mataram. Little remains apart from a huge, sparsely ornamented gateway and a series of foundations and bathing places, but the atmosphere is enchanting. A few hundred metres to the south on another small plateau (linked with the first, but difficult to find) is a large stone platform with decorated waterspouts and staircases surrounded by an empty moat; a little below the platform, through kala-head gateways, is a group of tranquil green pools, one of which is still used by the villagers.

RATU BOKO PALACE

Ratu Boko is an archaeological site in the form of royal palace of Old Mataram Kingdom from 8th century According to the history of Old Mataram Kingdom, Ratu Boko palace was used by the Sailendra Dinasty (Rakai Panangkaran) long before the time of King Samaratungga (the establishment of Borobudur Temple) and the Rakai Pikatan (the establishment of Prambanan Temple). Besides leaving the historical evidence in the form of inscriptions scattered in Java, The Old Mataram Kingdom built many temples, both Hindu and Buddhist patterned. The findings of gold artefacts in Wono-boyo indicate the richness of art and culture. That temples are Kalasan Temple, Plaosan Temple, Prambanan temple, Sewu Temple, Mendut Temple, Pawon Temple, Borobudur Temple and many more.
According to the ancient inscription that was made by Rakai Panangkaran in 746 -784 AD, at the beginning the building around Ratu Boko heritage site is called Abhay-agiri Wihara. Abhaya means no danger or peace. Abhayagiri means the Buddhist monks dormitory (vihara) that is located at the peaceful area on top of the hill. In the next period between 856 - 863 AD. Abhayagiri Wihara changed its name became Walaing Kraton that is proclaimed by Vasal Rakai named Rakai Walaing Pu Kumbay-oni. Mantyasih inscription, which was built in 898 - 908 AD by Rakai Watukara Dyah Balitung, still mentioned Walaing as the pedigree of Punta Tarka who made Mantyasih inscription. From the beginning of 10th century until the end of 16th century, there is no news about Kraton Walaing.
The name of Ratu Boko comes from local people folk. Ratu Boko (in Javanese language means the king heron) was the father of Loro Jonggrang, which became the name of the main temple at Prambanan temple complex.